Egyptian spiny mouse, Cairo spiny mouse

(Acomys cahirinus)


Egyptian spiny mouse, Cairo spiny mouse IUCN LEAST CONCERN (LC)


Facts about this animal

The Spiny Mouse is named for the quills on their backs, like hedgehog spines. Its fur is brown, grey, or beige on the upperparts, underparts are white.


Spiny mice reach a head-body-length of 10-13 cm, a tail length of 9-12 cm, and a body-weight of 30-35 g.


Spiny mice become sexually mature at 2-3 months. They produce 3-4 litters per year. In human care they can reach an age of up to 4 years.

Did you know?
That unlike other mice young Spiny mice are well developed at birth? The gestation period is 5–6 weeks, or about two weeks longer than the mouse norm.


Name (Scientific) Acomys cahirinus
Name (English) Egyptian spiny mouse, Cairo spiny mouse
Name (French) Souris épineuse, Rat épineux du Caire
Name (German) Ägyptische Stachelmaus
Name (Spanish) Ratón espinoso
CITES Status Not listed
CMS Status Not listed



Photo Copyright by
OLaf Leilinger



Range North/North-East Africa and the Middle East: Djibouti, Egypt (Sinai Peninsula), Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Libya, Oman, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia Sudan, Syria, Yemen
Habitat In rocky habitats, deserts and savannas
Wild population Unknown, but it widespread and abundant (Red List IUCN 2011)
Zoo population 616 reported to ISIS (2007)

In the Zoo

Egyptian spiny mouse, Cairo spiny mouse


How this animal should be transported

For air transport, Container Note 81 of the IATA Live Animals Regulations should be followed.


Find this animal on ZooLex


Photo Copyright by
Marcel Burkhard

Why do zoos keep this animal

The Egyptian spiny mouse is the most frequently kept of the about 18 Acomys species. Zoos keep spiny mice primarily for educational reasons, because it has a hedgehog-like fur and a reproductive biology, wich differs greatly from most other mice. Being small,diurnal, social and very active animals, spiny mice appeal particularly to children, and are an ideal species for awakening a positive attitude towards animals and nature.