Asiatic Wild Ass
Facts about this animal
Asiatic wild asses share their habitat with Przewalski's horses.
Did you know?
That Asiatic wild asses are very fast runners? Indeed onagers have been clocked running at about 50 kilometers per hour!
|Name (Scientific)||Equus hemionus|
|Name (English)||Asiatic Wild Ass|
|Name (French)||Ane sauvage d'Asie|
|Name (German)||Asiatischer Wildesel|
|Name (Spanish)||Asno salvaje asiatico|
|CITES Status||Appendix II (Except spp. hemionus and khur)|
|CMS Status||Appendix II as Equus hemionus sensu lato|
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Hans-Peter Scholz Ulenspiegel
|Habitat||Steppe and desert areas|
|Wild population||Equus h. onager: approx. 600 (2005) Equus h. kulan: approx. 650 (2000)|
|Zoo population||On January 1, 2008, there were 273 live Equus h. kulan in the studbook and another 357 at Canyon Colorado Equid Sanctuary, and 98 Equus h. onager registered with the International Studbook and 47 at Canyon Colorado Sanctuary. About 32 E. h. onager are kept in a 100 ha enclosure near Yadz/Gourab in Iran. A few Equus h. khur are kept by Indian zoos.|
In the Zoo
How this animal should be transported
For air transport, Container Note 73 of the IATA Live Animals Regulations, should be followed.
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Why do zoos keep this animal
Two of the Asiatic wild ass subspecies are critically endangered in the wild. With a view of building up an ex situ insurance populations, mainly for the Persian onager at that time, an International Studbook was set up in 1961 under the WAZA umbrella, and zoos maintain now self-sustained populations of Equus hemionus onager and Equus hemionus kulan managed by AZA and EAZA under regional conservation breeding programmes.
Regrettably there is no such programme for the Khur of India, which is equally endangered in the wild.