Cougar, Mountain Lion, Puma
Facts about this animal
Did you know?
That the mountain lion is found over a wider range than any other mammal in the western hemisphere?
|Name (Scientific)||Puma concolor|
|Name (English)||Cougar, Mountain Lion, Puma|
|Name (French)||Puma, Cougar, Lion des montagnes|
|Local names||Brasil: Onca vermelha, leão
Guaraní: Yaguá pytá
Uruguay: León bayo
USA: Cougar, Mountain lion, Catamount
|CITES Status||Appendix II|
|CMS Status||Not listed|
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|Range||North and South America|
|Habitat||In different types of forests, lowland and montane deserts, swamps, grassland, or any other area with adequate cover and prey.|
|Wild population||The Canadian population: 3,500-5,000; western US population: 10,000 (1990s); Central and South America: much higher, although it is unclear (1996) (Red List IUCN 2011)|
|Zoo population||353 reported to ISIS (2007)|
In the Zoo
How this animal should be transported
Transport crates should be sufficiently large to meet legal requirements, sufficiently strong to prevent escape or damage to the crate and animal, and have an adequate number of handles. Basic design should allow free flow of air through multiple sides of the container. A double door design on each end of the crate should be used. The "inner" door on each end should have bars to contain the animal, and the "outer" door should consist of a thin panel of expanded metal that provides safety for the handlers. The doors on each end of the crate should travel vertically to facilitate animal transfer and contain a secure locking system. The crate should drain well, and absorbent bedding should be used to prevent the animal from being exposed to or lying in urine or excreta. The crate should be of a size that allows easy lifting, transport and movement through doorways.
The shipment should be organised in a way to minimise stress. The animal should have access to its transport crate for 2 weeks before shipment, preferably being fed within it. If an extended trip is anticipated, water and eventually food should be provided while the animal is in transit. Ideally one of the animal's keepers should accompany it during transport, providing for its care and helping it adjust to the new environment.
For air transport, Container Note 72 of the IATA Live Animals Regulations should be followed.
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Why do zoos keep this animal
Although locally rare or extinct, the cougar is not yet an endangered species. It is kept primarily by zoos in North, Central and South America for educational reasons because it is an important element of their native fauna. In Europe and elsewhere the cougar has become rare in zoos as it has largely been replaced by endangered cat species, such as snow leopard.