Banggai Cardinal Fish
Facts about this animal
Bangai cardinal fish are mainly reef-dwellers, that occupy over-hangs, reef caves and seagrass beds near reefs. They feed on crustaceans, small fish and plankton, They mouth brooders. The males carry the eggs for 18 to 24 days before releasing 15 to 40 near a long-spined sea urchin (or anemone) which provides protection.
Did you know?
that Banggai cardinal fish hover directly above long spined sea urchins, with the younger ones staying closer to the urchins so they can retreat among the spines when threatened?
|Name (Scientific)||Pterapogon kauderni|
|Name (English)||Banggai Cardinal Fish|
|Name (French)||Apogon de Kaudern|
|Name (Spanish)||Cardenal de Banggai|
|CITES Status||Not listed (a proposal to list the species in Appendix II failed in 2007)|
|CMS Status||Not listed|
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|Range||Indonesia (Banggai Island). This species has an extremely limited geographic range (5,500 km²).|
|Habitat||Coral reefs, seagrass beds, and open areas of sand and rubble of up to 4.5 m depth, being most common at 1.5–2.5 m depth.|
|Wild population||An estimated 700,000–900,000 fish per year are internationally traded. In a proposal to list the species in CITES Appendix II, a population estimate of 2.4 million was given. This was questioned, however, by the range state.|
|Zoo population||524 reported to ISIS, but commonly kept by privat aquarists.|
In the Zoo
How this animal should be transported
For air transport, Container Note 51 of the IATA Live Animals Regulations should be followed.
Fish must be unpacked carefully and under low illumination.
Find this animal on ZooLex
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Why do zoos keep this animal
Banggai cardinal fish are not yet on the IUCN Red List, but there are fears that the current level of exploitation for the hobby aquarist market is not sustainable. A proposal to list the species in Appendix II of CITES was made at COP 14 (in 2007) but not adopted. Maintaining a self-sustaining population for educational purposes is therefore a reasonable task for zoos and aquariums. therefore