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Bonobo - Pan paniscus : WAZA : World Association of Zoos and Aquariums


(Pan paniscus)




Facts about this animal

The bonobo is very similar to the chimpanzee, but smaller and more lightly built. Their head-body length is 55-60 cm and they have a shoulder height of 90-100 cm. The weight is 25-40 kg. There is no marked sexual dimorphism, but males are somewhat bigger and heavier than females.


The Bonobo is one of the last large mammals to be discovered. Primatologists have characterized the species as "female-centered and egalitarian and as one that substitutes sex for aggression". The Bonobo shares more than 98% of our genetic profile, making it as close to a human as a fox is to a dog.

Did you know?
That bonobos were not formally identified by scientists until 1926? Before that, they were thought to be a subspecies of the common chimpanzee. They are still the least understood of the great apes.


Suborder SIMIAE
Name (Scientific) Pan paniscus
Name (English) Bonobo
Name (French) Bonobo ou Chimpanzé pygmée, Chimpanzé nain
Name (German) Bonobo, Zwergschimpanse
Name (Spanish) Chimpanzé pigmeo
CITES Status Appendix I
CMS Status Not listed



Photo Copyright by
Kabir Bakie



Range The Democratic Republic of the Congo
Habitat Tropical rainforest
Wild population 29,500 (1997) and 50,000 (2001) (Red List IUCN 2011)
Zoo population 200 registered by the International studbook (2004), 167 reported to ISIS (2007)

In the Zoo



How this animal should be transported

For air transport, Container Note 33 or 34 of the IATA Live Animals Regulations should be followed.


Find this animal on ZooLex


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Why do zoos keep this animal

The Bonobo is an endangered species and its habitat is  continuously shrinking and deteriorating. With a view of building up a viable reserve population, an International Studbook has been established already in 1967 under the WAZA umbrella, and coordinated conservation breeding programmes are operated at the regional level by AZA and EAZA.