Brown-and-yellow Flower Beetle
Facts about this animal
The brown-and-yellow flower beetles have slightly flat, square robust bodies with a contrasting colour pattern, which should deter predators from eating them. Their upper wings are immobile when flying. Adults reach a length of up to 25 mm.
The female makes several little balls of dung or compost and lays an egg in each of them. The tiny larvae feed on the decaying vegetable debris and plant root contents of these balls, before transforming into pupae.
They feed on overripe fruit, and favour roses, reason why they are also known as 'rose beetles' and fruit chafers. The beetle bores into the soft, ripe flesh of almost any fruit to extract the juices.
There are several subspecies. The species, P. sinuata flaviventris is most common. P. sinuata calceata lives in the succulent Karoo and Pre-Namib of theWestern/Northern Cape Province and Namibia.
Did you know?
that there are 108 species of the genus Pachnoda known to science, occurring all over Africa and stretching into southern Europe and Arabic Peninsula? The species most commonly bred in human care is P. marginata. Other species kept by zoos are P. epiphiata, P. flaviventris, P. marginata, P. orphanula, P. peregrina, P. savignyi, and P. sinuata.
|Name (Scientific)||Pachnoda sinuata|
|Name (English)||Brown-and-yellow Flower Beetle|
|Name (French)||Cétoine noire et jaune d'Afrique du sud|
|Name (German)||Braun-gelber Rosenkäfer|
|Name (Spanish)||Cetónido africano|
|Local names||Afrikaans: Vrugtetorre|
|CITES Status||Not listed|
|CMS Status||Not listed|
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|Range||Southern Africa: from Zimbabwe to Namibia|
|Habitat||Orchards, flowerbeds and beehives|
|Wild population||No data|
|Zoo population||26 institutions reported Pachnoda of several species to ISIS (2008)|
In the Zoo
How this animal should be transported
For air transport of adult individuals, Container Note 62, for caterpillars Container Note 63, of the IATA Live Animals Regulations should be followed.
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Why do zoos keep this animal
Zoos keep flower beetles because they are of interest for educational purposes as they may help illustrating the food chain.