Tammar Wallaby

(Macropus eugenii)


Facts

Tammar Wallaby IUCN LEAST CONCERN (LC)

 

Facts about this animal

Tammars are small wallabies. Males have a head-body length of 59-68 cm, their tail is 38-45 cm long, and their body-.weight ranges from 2.9 to 6.1 kgs. Females are somewhat smaller and lighter. Tammar wallabies have a short and sleek coat, which is dark, grizzled grey-brown above, becoming rufous on the sides of the body and limbs, and pale-buff below.

 

The habitat of tammar wallabies includes coastal scrub, heath, dry sclerophyll (leafy) forest and thickets in mallee and woodland, where they use dense, low vegetation for daytime shelter and open grassy areas for feeding. They are nocturnal, not leaving the scrub until after dark and returning to it before dawn. They are essentially solitary having defined home ranges that overlap the home ranges of others.

 

The tammar wallaby is herbivorous and its diet consists mostly of grasses. The tammar wallaby is one of only two kangaroo species with a strictly seasonal breeding pattern. Births occur from late January to March. Within a few hours of giving birth the female mates again. The resulting embryo remains quiescent during lactation and is reactivated within a few days after mid December. The young enters the pouch about 40 days later, one year after the mating at which it was conceived, and is suckled in the pouch for eight to nine months. Females become sexually mature at about nine months while they are still suckling, but males do not become mature until nearly two years old. The rate of reproduction is high, with more than 90 per cent of all females carrying a pouch-young by the end of the breeding season.

Did you know?
that there was a lot of confusion in the naturalist's treatment of tammar specimens taken by the early expeditions from various islands and the Australian mainland? This resulted in no less than seven different species names given to Western Australian specimens.


 

Factsheet
Class MAMMALIA
Order MARSUPIALIA
Suborder DIPROTODONTIA
Family MACROPODIDAE
Name (Scientific) Macropus eugenii
Name (English) Tammar Wallaby
Name (French) Wallaby de l'île d'Eugène
Name (German) Derbywallaby
Name (Spanish) Canguro tammar
CITES Status Not listed
CMS Status Not listed

 

 

Photo Copyright by
© Zoos SA

Distribution

 


Distribution
Range Southwestern and South Australia and some coastal islands
Habitat Coastal scrub, heath, dry leafy forest and thickets
Wild population Unknown, but it is considered common within its limited habitat (Red List IUCN 2011)
Zoo population 161 reported to ISIS (2005)

In the Zoo

Tammar Wallaby

 

How this animal should be transported

For air transport, Container Note 83 of the IATA Live Animals Regulations should be followed.

 

Find this animal on ZooLex

 

Photo Copyright by
© Zoos SA

Why do zoos keep this animal

Because of their nocturnal life style, tammar wallabies are not of particular interest to zoo visitors, unles sthey are presented in a Moonlight Exhibit. The main incentive for keeping tammers is thus ex situ conservation. AZA and EAZA operate coordinated breeding programmes. The re-discovery of the mainland tammar wallaby, prompted the development of a cooperative repatriation programme. 85 tammar wallabies were successfully repatriated from New Zealand in 2003-04 and were held in quarantine for twelve months at the Monarto Zoological Gardens. The Zoological Society of South Australia, which operates both Adelaide and Monarto zoos, participated in the post-release monitoring of the animals.