Facts about this animal
G. f. fulvus:
G. f. fulvescens (Afghanistan, Pakistan and north-west India):
Paler and more rufous than G. f. fulvus. Crop-patch is more cinnamon and the ruff golden.
Did you know?
that the Griffon vulture is very rare or has disappeared in many countries, especially in Europe? The reason for this is, amongst others, the reduced availability of food sources due to changes in agricultural and farming methods. Carcasses of dead animals are seldom left for decay nowadays.
|Name (Scientific)||Gyps fulvus|
|Name (English)||Griffon vulture|
|Name (French)||Vautour fauve|
|Name (Spanish)||Buitre leonado|
|Local names||Greek: Ornio
Romansh: Tschess cularin
Serbian: Beloglavi sup
|CITES Status||Appendix II|
|CMS Status||Appendix II (as Accipitridae spp.)|
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|Range||From Southern Europe and Northrn/North-Eastern Africa through the Middle East to Central Asia and the Indian subcontinent: Africa: Algeria, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Libya, Mali, Mauritania, Morocco, Senegal, Sudan, Tunisia Asia: Afghanistan, India, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Lebanon, Mongolia, Nepal, Oman, Pakistan, Palestine, Saudi Arabia, Syria, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, United Arab Emirates, Uzbekistan, Yemen Europe: Albania, Armenia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, France, Georgia, Gibraltar, Greece, Italy, Macedonia former Yug. Rep., Montenegro, Portugal, Russian Federation, Serbia and Montenegro, Slovenia, Spain, Turkey, Ukraine Vagrants may be encountered in some more countries.|
|Habitat||Mountain ranges up to 2750 m above sea level.|
|Wild population||Global numbers are not available. The European population is with less than 21,000 breeding pairs relatively small.|
|Zoo population||310 birds reported to ISIS (2007).|
In the Zoo
How this animal should be transported
Untrained birds travel better in completely dark boxes, with a carpeted floor and roof, with an upwards sliding door at one end and no perch. As a general rule, trained birds are easier to manage in boxes with a carpeted perch at the right height to give plenty of head and tail room, and with a hinged side opening door.
For air transport, Container Note 20 of the IATA Live Animals Regulations should be followed.
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Why do zoos keep this animal
Griffon vultures are kept for various reasons: they are of educational interest, in Europe, they are bred under a regional coordinated breeding programme from which animals have been returned to the wild, and injured or intoxicated birds which can no more be returned to the wild may be kept for animal welfare reasons.