White-naped Crane

(Grus vipio)


White-naped Crane IUCN VULNERABLE (VU)


Facts about this animal

The White-naped Crane is an elegant, mainly grey crane with a red face and forehead. The back of the neck from mantle to bare red skin, throat, front of the neck and sides of the upper part of neck are white. The legs and feets are pinkish, the bill is laterally compressed and greenish-yellow in colour. The sexes are alike.

Did you know?
that the white-naped crane is a symbol in the Korean New Year celebration, and featured in art and folklore?


Class AVES
Suborder GRUES
Name (Scientific) Grus vipio
Name (English) White-naped Crane
Name (French) Grue à cou blanc
Name (German) Weissnackenkranich
Name (Spanish) Grulla cuelliblanca
CITES Status Appendix I
CMS Status Appendix I



Photo Copyright by
Stuart Elsom



Range Eastern Asia
Habitat Shallow wetlands, wet meadows, lake edges, lowland steppes, fixed forest-steppe, farmlands.
Wild population In wintering China: 3,000-4,000 (2002-2006); wintering Japan: 3,094 and Korea: 387 (2004) (Red List IUCN 2011)
Zoo population 199 reported to ISIS

In the Zoo

White-naped Crane


How this animal should be transported

For air transport, Container Note 17 of the IATA Live Animals Regulations should be followed.


Find this animal on ZooLex


Photo Copyright by
Stuart Elsom

Why do zoos keep this animal

There are only about 5'000 white-naped cranes left in the wild. The population is declining and is vulnerable to extinction. With a view of building up a reserve population, an International Studbook has been established under the WAZA umbrella, and coordinated conservation breeding programmes are operated at the regional level by AZA, EAZA and JAZA.