Facts about this animal
The Markhor is a large, stocky goat with relatively short legs and broad hooves. Head body length is 140 to 180 cm. Males weigh from 80 to 110 kgs, females are considerably smaller and lighter, weighing form 32 to 40 kg.
They have a distinctive mane and unmistakable straight or flared, usually deeply-spiralled horns. The coat has a reddish-grey colour with a dark brown dorsal stripe extending from the shoulders to the base of the tail. The Coat length and colour varys according to the season: it is longer and greyer in winter, and shorter and yellower in summer. Males have an extensive dark chin beard, (present but very small in some females), a long shaggy mane of mixed grey and white hairs extending from the neck down the chest, a dark crest (the hairs of which do not stand erect but hang down the neck) and tufts of pale hair on the legs.
Horns are borne by both sexes, but males have larger and much heavier, longer and more spiralled horns. They are up to 160 cm long in males and up to 25 cm in females. The overall shape and tightness of the twists is variable between populations.
Did you know?
that Markhor horns are used in Oriental traditional medicines? In China, horns have reportedly fetched up to 1,000 USD per kg, twice as much as Saigo (Saiga tatarica) horns.
|Name (Scientific)||Capra falconeri|
|CITES Status||Appendix I|
|CMS Status||Not listed|
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|Range||India, Pakistan, Tajikistan, Usbekistan, Afghanistan?, Turkmenistan?|
|Habitat||Inhabits rugged mountain regions from 700 to 4'000 m, usually around the level of the tree line.|
|Wild population||2,500 mature individuals (Red List IUCN 2011)|
|Zoo population||321 reported to ISIS (2007)|
In the Zoo
How this animal should be transported
For air transport, Container Requirement 73 of the IATA Live Animals Regulations should be followed.
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Why do zoos keep this animal
The markhor is an endangered species listed in appendix I of CITES. Zoos therefore operate several coordinated breeding programmes at the regional level.
Male markhor are also very impressive animals with horns that are different from any other goat species. Displaying them is therefore also of educational interest.