Mountain Anoa

(Bubalus quarlesi)




Facts about this animal

The mountain anoa is the smallest living bovine. It has a head-body length of 150-170 cm and a height at shoulder of 60-80 cm. The tail is 20-25 cm, the horns are 15-20 cm long. The mountain anoa has a plump body, a thick neck, short pointed ears, straight, backward directed horns with round cross-section and without marked ridges, and antelope-like, delicate legs.

The coat is dark brown to black with lighter underparts. Whitish spots on the head and above the hooves may occur. The hair is rather short and dense, tending to curly. On the back it is directed forward from the haunches to the head. The tail has a bushy tip.

Mountain anoas live singly or in pairs, but hardly ever associate in larger groups. Main activity is in the morning, the animals seeking shelter under shade trees during the afternoon.

Little information is available on the mountain anoa's diet in the wild.

Did you know?
that the taxonomy of the anoas - including how many species there are, and whether the different species are simply morphotypes - is still uncertain, and as a result, mountain and lowland anoas are considered one single species by some authors


Name (Scientific) Bubalus quarlesi
Name (English) Mountain Anoa
Name (French) Anoa de Quarle; Anoa des montagnes
Name (German) Berganoa
Name (Spanish) Anoa de montaƱa
CITES Status Appendix I
CMS Status Not listed



Photo Copyright by
Sander van Duuren



Range Indonesia (Sulawesi)
Habitat Undisturbed montane forest up to 2,000 m
Wild population Approx.: less than 2,500 mature individuals (Red List IUCN 2011)
Zoo population 3 reported to ISIS

In the Zoo

Mountain Anoa


How this animal should be transported

For air transport, Container Note 73 of the IATA Live Animals Regulations should be followed.


Find this animal on ZooLex


Photo Copyright by
Sander van Duuren

Why do zoos keep this animal

The mountain anoa is an endangered species, and habitat loss and degradation, and unsustainable harvesting are going on. The building up and maintenance of a viable ex situ reserve population would thus make sense. Regrettably, with zoos focussing rather on the keeping of the lowland anoa, the zoo population is declining and may disappear wthin a few years.