(Antilocapra americana)




Facts about this animal

The Pronghorn is a medium deer-sized mammal. Head-body length is 1 - 1.4 m, and they weigh 35 - 70 kg. Dorsal fur colour is tan to cinnamon. The sides, rump and underparts are white with two white stripes across the throat and a white zone on each side of the face from the lips to the base of each ear.


The face is black from the nose to the horns. It is the world's only animal with pronged horns. The horns are backwardly curved, black, with a single prong facing forward. Both sexes have horns althought females' horns are shorter, not exceeding an ear length and never fork. Males horns grow up to a length of about 27.5 cm.


The tail is short and inconspicuous. Males have a narrow, short black mane on the neck and they are larger in size than females.

Did you know?
that the Pronghorn is the world's only animal with pronged horns? Normally horned animal never have forked horns and they keep them for life. But Pronghorns shed their horns annually like the antlers in deer. But althought Pronghorns also have a bony core their horns are not made entirely of bone like antlers, but are made of compressed hair. This is what is shed every year.


Name (Scientific) Antilocapra americana
Name (English) Pronghorn
Name (French) Pronghorn, Antilocapre, Antilope d'Amérique
Name (German) Gabelbock
Name (Spanish) Berrendo
CITES Status Appendix I
CMS Status Not listed



Photo Copyright by
U.S. Agricultural Research Service



Range Canada, USA and Mexico
Habitat Grasslands, brushland and deserts.
Wild population Approx. 700.000 individuals, but stable (Red List IUCN 2011)
Zoo population 119 reported to ISIS (2007)

In the Zoo



How this animal should be transported

For air transport, Container Requirement 73 of the IATA Live Animals Regulations should be followed.


Find this animal on ZooLex


Photo Copyright by
Chris Valle

Why do zoos keep this animal

Keeping proghorn is of educational interest because they are an ungulate family of their own and the only ungulate species with forked horns (deer do have forked antlers). In North America it is also of interest as an important element of the native fauna. It is also an ambassador species for its threatened prairie habitat.