Oriental Pied Hornbill

(Anthracoceros albirostris)


Oriental Pied Hornbill IUCN LEAST CONCERN (LC)


Facts about this animal

This is the smallest of the Asian hornbill species with males measuring from tip of bill to tip of tail 55-60 cm, and females being slightly smaller. The wing length ranges from 23 to 36 cm, the bill up to 19 cm in males and up to 16 cm in females.


The plumage of neck, neck, upper breast, back and wings is black with greenish gloss. The lower breast, abdomen, thighs, under wing-coverts and tips of all except the outer two primaries and basal three secondaries are white. The tail is black with a broad white tip to all but the central pair of the rectrices.


The bare skin around the eye is white with a black spot in front of it, the throat skin is white with a blue tinge, the bill and casque are ivory-cloured with black base and the casque also with a black patch over the end. The iris is dark red, legs and feet are dull greenish grey.


Sexes are alike axcept that the female's casque is less convex and lacks the projecting tip, that casque and bill have some dark-brown patches, and that the iris is brown to greyish brown.

Did you know?
that the 'Casque' is hollow and composed of the same keratin which lines the entire bill?


Class AVES
Name (Scientific) Anthracoceros albirostris
Name (English) Oriental Pied Hornbill
Name (French) Calao pie
Name (German) Orienthornvogel
Name (Spanish) Cálao cariblanco
Local names Bahasa Indonesia: Banggang belulang
CITES Status Appendix II
CMS Status Not listed



Photo Copyright by
Amit Thakurta



Range South East Asia (Bangladesh; Bhutan; Brunei Darussalam; Cambodia; China; India; Indonesia; Lao People's Democratic Republic; Malaysia; Myanmar; Nepal; Thailand; Viet Nam)
Habitat Forest edges and oopen moist deciduous and evergreen forests, from foothills up to 670 m.
Wild population The global population size has not been quantified, but the species is described as 'common' in at least parts of its range (del Hoyo et al. 2001).
Zoo population 43 reported to ISIS (2007)

In the Zoo

Oriental Pied Hornbill


How this animal should be transported

For air transport, Container Note 13 of the IATA Live Animals Regulations should be followed.


Find this animal on ZooLex


Photo Copyright by
Amit Thakurta

Why do zoos keep this animal

Although the smalles hornbill of Aisa, Oriental pied hornbills are still fialry large and very attractive birds displaying interesting behaviour patterns. They are therefore a very valuable species for educational purposes as well as ambassadors for their endangered habitat the ropical rain forest.