Strawberry Anemone

(Actinia fragacea)


Facts

Strawberry Anemone IUCN NOT EVALUATED (NE)

 

Facts about this animal

The Strawberry Anemone is large with a broad foot which may be 10 cm in diameter like the crown of tentacles. The column is red to dirty red and spotted in green, yellow, blue or pink. The spots give this anemone its common name as they look like strawberry pips. The tentacles are red, pink or purplish. Blue, white or pink wart like spots, called acrorhagi, to which gravel and stones attach, may be present below the tentacles. Eggs are spherical and pale beige in colour.

It feeds on crustaceans, mollusks and fish.

The mode of reproduction is still unknown. In Captivity, an individual has been observed spawning eggs in great quantity. Thereby it shrunk but regained its former size after 3 days.

In winter the Strawberry Anemone may migrate off shore, probably to prevent from freezing.

Did you know?
that the Californian species Corynactis californica shares the same common name? that in captivity, a Strawberry Anemone lived at least 18 years?


 

Factsheet
Class ANTHOZOA
Order ACTINARIA
Suborder NYANTHEAE
Family ACTINIIDAE
Name (Scientific) Actinia fragacea
Name (English) Strawberry Anemone
Name (German) Erdbeerrose
Name (Spanish) Anémona fresa
CITES Status Not listed
CMS Status Not listed

 

 

Photo Copyright by
Michael Maggs

Distribution

 


Distribution
Range Confined to the English Channel and south-west England.
Habitat In the zone of lower to middle tide on rocky bottoms. Often found in shaded places, sometimes beneath rocks or partly buried in sand.
Wild population Endemic to the British Isles, sometimes local.
Zoo population 53 reported to ISIS (2008)

In the Zoo

Why do zoos keep this animal

The Strawberry Anemone is a long-lived, large and attractive species suitable to display.