Marsh Crocodile

(Crocodylus palustris)


Marsh Crocodile IUCN VULNERABLE (VU)


Facts about this animal

The Marsh Crocodile has a comparatively short snout, which is bluntly rounded at its tip, only 1.3 to 1.5 times as long as broad at the level of the front corners of the eyes. The surface is smooth or wrinkled in old specimens, without bony ridges or elevated areas in front of the eyes. The colour of the upper body surface is dark olive, in youngsters somewhat lighter and with dark crossbands on the sides of the trunk and tail. The lower surface is uniformly light, without dark blotches. The iris is greenish. It can grow up to 6 m, but is usually about 4 m.

Did you know?
that the vernacular name "Mugger" used in India is a corruption of the Hindi word magar which means "water monster"?


Name (Scientific) Crocodylus palustris
Name (English) Marsh Crocodile
Name (French) Crocodile de marais
Name (German) Sumpfkrokodil
Name (Spanish) Cocodrilo marismeƱo
Local names Sinhala: Geta kimbula
Tamil: Chaanakan.
CITES Status Appendix I
CMS Status Not listed



Photo Copyright by
Karunakar Rayker



Range Bangladesh (ex) , India , Iran (Islamic Republic of) , Myanmar (?), Nepal , Pakistan , Sri Lanka.
Habitat Freshwater rivers, lakes and marshes, but may also be found in coastal saltwater lagoons
Wild population Approx. 5'000-10'000. Although bred in farms, the populations in the wild are not safe, because suitable habitat is dwindling fast.
Zoo population 17 reported to ISIS (2005)

In the Zoo

Marsh Crocodile


How this animal should be transported

For air transport, Container Note 42 of the IATA Live Animals Regulations should be followed.


Find this animal on ZooLex


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Why do zoos keep this animal

C. palustris is an ambassador species for the endangered freshwater habitats of its range and as such of educational value. It is however only rarely kept in zoos.