Facts about this animal
The Bactrian camel is unmistakable due to the two humps on its back, which essentially consist of lipid tissue. It is a very large animal with a body length of about 300 cm, a height (at the humps) of up to 230 cm, and a body-weight of up to 1000 kg. The face is long and somewhat triangular, with a split, hairy upper lip. The nostrils can be sealed to keep out dust in the frequent sandstorms which occur in the camel’s arid habitat. The tail is about 50 cm long. The two broad toes on each foot have undivided soles and are able to spread widely as an adaptation to walking on sand.
The long, wooly coat varies in colour from dark brown to sandy beige. There is a mane and beard of long hair on the neck and throat, with hairs up to 25 cm long. The shaggy winter coat is shed extremely rapidly, with huge sections peeling off at once, almost as if it were shorn off.
Did you know?
that camels do not really spit? It?s more like throwing up! They bring up the contents of their stomachs, along with saliva, and project it out. This is meant to surprise, distract, or bother whatever the camel feels is threatening it.
|Name (Scientific)||Camelus ferus|
|Name (English)||Bactrian Camel|
|Name (French)||Chameau de Bactriane|
|Name (Spanish)||Camello Bactriano|
|CITES Status||Not listed|
|CMS Status||Appendix I|
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|Habitat||Arid and sparsely vegetated Deserts where habitat ranges from rocky mountainous regions to plains and high sand dunes|
|Wild population||China: 600 ; Mongolia: 350 (2004) (IUCN Red List 211)|
|Zoo population||624 reported to ISIS - all domesticated specimens|
In the Zoo
How this animal should be transported
For air transport, Container Note 2 or 73 of the IATA Live Animals Regulations should be followed.
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Why do zoos keep this animal
All camels in zoos outside the species' range states belong to the domesticated form.
Camels are of major educational interest because of their adaptation to cold aridland conditions. They are also a good flagship species for conservation efforts as may be undertaken under the CMS' Central Eurasian Aridland Concerted Action.
Female camels and foals are fairly docile animals allowing for close encounters for creating a positive human-animal relationship.