Toadstool Leather

(Sarcophyton sp.)


Facts

Toadstool Leather IUCN NOT EVALUATED (NE)

 

Facts about this animal

There are about 35 species in the genus Sarcophyton which are difficult to distinguish. The Toadstool Leather is a soft coral which builds mushroom or toadstool-shaped colonies of up to 50 cm in diameter with many polyps on the top. In some species the margin of the hat is warped. There are two forms of polyps: autozoids which are more than 1 cm tall, have 8 feathered tentacles and can retract completely; siphonozoids being tiny tube-like regressed polyps which are responsible for the intake and release of water. The body of the colony is sustained by calcareous pins, called spicules. The colour of the body may be white, yellow, brown or green. Polyps are of the same colour but in some species the autozoids are white.

There are symbiotic algae, so called zooxanthellae, within the body of the Toadstool Leather.

Factsheet
Class ANTHOZOA
Order ALCYONACEA
Suborder ALCYONIINA
Family ALCYONIIDAE
Name (Scientific) Sarcophyton sp.
Name (English) Toadstool Leather
Name (German) Lederkoralle
CITES Status Not listed
CMS Status Not listed

 

 

Photo Copyright by
Andrew Trevor-Jones

Distribution

 


Distribution
Range Indo-Pacific Ocean
Habitat Tropical reefs
Zoo population 10'354 reported to ISIS (2008) (9'999 from the Smithsonian National Zoological Park)

In the Zoo