Luzon bleeding-heart dove

(Gallicolumba luzonica)


Luzon bleeding-heart dove IUCN NEAR THREATENED (NT)


Facts about this animal

The Luzon bleeding-heart dove is a relatively long legged, short tailed, plump ground dove with a total length of about 25 cm and a body-weight of 150-200 g.

The plumage is light blue-grey on forehead and wing coverts, with three dark redbrown bands across the closed wing. Crown, nape, sides of breast, mantle, back and rump are dark grey with iridescent fringe, giving purple/ greenish appearance. The primaries, secondaries and central tail feathers are dark brown; under wing chestnut; outer tail feathers blue-grey with blackish subterminal bands; throat, breast and under parts are white, tinged pale pink below breast patch and a deeper pinkish-red adjacent to it; Very obvious and diagnostic is a longitudinal patch of blood red feathers with loose hairy texture in the centre of the breast, usually forming a groove or indentation

The bill is blackish, grey at base; legs and feet are red. Sexes are alike. The iris blue grey or purplish. This is not an indicator of sex but the colour changes as the bird matures.

The Luzon bleeding-heart dove spends most of the time on the forest floor, flying on trees only for resting and sleeping. The nest is built not far from the ground in bushes or creeping plants. A clutch consists of two eggs which are incubated for 17 days. The young fledge at an age of 12 days.


Luzon bleeding-heart doves feed on seeds, fallen berries, and insects, worms and other invertebrates

Did you know?
that zoos currently keep only two of the five species of bleeding heart doves: the Luzon and the Mindanao? The European breeding programmes for these species are coordinated by Bristol Zoo Gardens.


Class AVES
Name (Scientific) Gallicolumba luzonica
Name (English) Luzon bleeding-heart dove
Name (French) Colombe poignardée
Name (German) Luzon-Dolchstichtaube
Name (Spanish) Corazón Sangrante de Luzon
CITES Status Appendix II
CMS Status Not listed



Photo Copyright by
Adrian Pingstone



Range Philippines (Luzon)
Habitat Primary and secondary forest, from sea level up to at least 1400 m, sometimes in plantation or bamboo thickets.
Wild population No data available
Zoo population 214 reported to ISIS (2008)

In the Zoo

Luzon bleeding-heart dove


How this animal should be transported

For air transport, Container Note 15 of the IATA Live Animals Regulations should be followed.


Find this animal on ZooLex


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Why do zoos keep this animal

In addition to habitat loss, harvesting for food and the pet trade are potential threats to the species. Zoos therefore manage the species to provide a self-sustaining ex situ population, and also to develop important care and breeding techniques for use in the Philippines.