Facts about this animal
Did you know?
that, although capable of killing large prey such as cranes, wild ungulates, and domestic livestock, the Golden Eagle subsists primarily on rabbits, hares, marmots, ground squirrels, and prairie dogs?
|Name (Scientific)||Aquila chrysaetos|
|Name (English)||Golden eagle|
|Name (French)||Aigle royal|
|Name (Spanish)||Aguila real|
|Local names||Croatian: Suri orao
Czech: Orel skalní
Hungarian: Szirti sas
Italian: Aquila reale
Lithuanian: Kilnusis erelis
Polish: Orzel przedni
Romansh: Evla (de la pizza)
Slovenian: Planinski orel
|CITES Status||Appendix II|
|CMS Status||Appendix II (as Accipitridae spp.)|
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|Range||Holarctic breeding range, extending south to northern Africa, Arabia, the Himalayas and Mexico. The northernmost birds migration south in winter. Asia: Afghanistan, Bhutan, China, India, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Korea DPR, Korea, Rep., Kyrgyzstan, Mongolia, Nepal, Oman, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, Syria, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, United Arab Emirates, Uzbekistan, Yemen Europe: Albania, Andorra, Armenia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Georgia, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Latria, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Macedonia former Yug. Rep., Moldova, Montenegro, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, Ukraine, United Kingdom North America: Canada, Mexico, United States, Vagrants in a few more countries.|
|Habitat||Open terrain of deserts, mountains, plateaux, steppes and other places where rugged terrain creates abundant updrafts.|
|Wild population||Most populations stabilizing again after sharp declines until 1950.|
|Zoo population||172 reported to ISIS (2007)|
In the Zoo
How this animal should be transported
Untrained birds travel better in completely dark boxes, with a carpeted floor and roof, with an upwards sliding door at one end and no perch. As a general rule, trained birds are easier to manage in boxes with a carpeted perch at the right height to give plenty of head and tail room, and with a hinged side opening door.
For air transport, Container Note 20 of the IATA Live Animals Regulations should be followed.
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Why do zoos keep this animal
The golden - or the very similar Imperial - eagle is of major educational interest because it has been used by the Holy Roman Empire, founded by Charlemagne in 800 many countries as a national symbol, depicting power, beauty and independence. Note that, in French, the species is called "Aigle royal", Royal eagle. It is also widely used as a religious symbol and logo of organizations. Golden eagles are often used in flight shows. Zoos may also keep golden eagles for animal welfare reasons as they may accept to care for injured birds which cannot be returned to the wild.