Green Toad

(Pseudepidalea viridis)




Facts about this animal

The green toad reaches a head-body length of up to 10 cm but is usually smaller. Females are larger than males. It is a robust toad with prominent paratoid glands that are roughly parallel and a horizontal pupil. Males have an external vocal sac. Its general appearance resembles the natterjack (Bufo calamita) but the dorsal pattern is much more contrasting, with bold, clearly defined greenish markings often with dark edges, and it usually has no - or only a very faint - yellow dorsal stripe.

The green toad is mainly nocturnal although sometimes active by day. At night it sings in chorus, the call resembles an insect (e.g. cricket) song. It is usually found in lowlands, preferably in dryish and sandy habitats, and is frequently seen around human habtitations.

Did you know?
that frogs and toads can breathe not only with their lungs, but also through their skin? A frog's skin is thin and contains many mucous glands that keep it moist. Oxygen can be absorbed through this thin, damp skin.


Name (Scientific) Pseudepidalea viridis
Name (English) Green Toad
Name (French) Crapaud vert
Name (German) Wechselkröte
Name (Spanish) Sapo verde
Local names Danish: Grønbroget tudse
Czech: Ropucha zelená
Hungarian: Zöld varangy
Italian: Rospo smeraldino
Latvian, Lettish: Zalais krupis
Polish: Ropucha zielona
Slovakian: Ropucha zelená
Swedish: Grönfläckig padda
Turkish: Gece kurbagasi
CITES Status Not listed
CMS Status Not listed



Photo Copyright by
© Richard Bartz



Range Europe as far north as southern Sweden and as far west as western Germany / eastern France, northern Africa, western to central Asia (Afghanistan, Albania, Armenia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, China, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Egypt, Estonia, France, Georgia, Germany, Greece, Hungary, India, Iran, Islamic Republic of, Iraq, Israel, Italy, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Libyan Arab Jamahiriya, Lithuania, Moldova, Republic of, Mongolia, Morocco, Pakistan, Poland, Romania, Russian Federation, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Tajikistan, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Uzbekistan)
Habitat In forests, forest steppe, steppe, dry grasslands, alpine areas, semi-deserts and deserts
Wild population Unknown
Zoo population 121 reported to ISIS (2005)

In the Zoo

Green Toad


How this animal should be transported

For air transport, Container Note 45 of the IATA Live Animals Regulations should be followed.


Find this animal on ZooLex


Photo Copyright by
© Richard Bartz

Why do zoos keep this animal

The green toad is regionally endangered by habitat distruction, effects of climate change and other factors. Zoos and aquariums keeping these species want to raise awareness of the plight of this species and of the global amphibian crisis. Several zoos have also linked their ex situ activities with involvement in in situ conservation.