Splash-Backed Poison Frog

(Adelphobates galactonotus)


Splash-Backed Poison Frog IUCN LEAST CONCERN (LC)


Facts about this animal

Medium sized poison frog (30-40mm). The colouring is usually black with a yellow or orange "splashed" back, like a paint splash has been dropped on his back. The colouring on the splash can vary from yellow via orange to (red)brown. Terrestrial. Eggs are laid on the ground, where they hatch in 10 to 14 days. The tadpoles are then carried to the water.

Did you know?
These frogs seem to gather in small true social groups and stay even in corporal contact with members of the same species for a short period, independent of the presence of a food source, lack of moisture or of the reproduction period.The population trend is stable (Red List IUCN 2012).


Name (Scientific) Adelphobates galactonotus
Name (English) Splash-Backed Poison Frog
Name (French) Dendrobate du Tapajos
Name (German) Bernsteinbaumsteiger
Name (Spanish) Rana flecha moteada, Rana de flecha de espalda pintada
CITES Status Appendix II
CMS Status Not listed



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Range Brazil
Habitat It lives in the leaf litter of the tropical rain forest, where little light reaches the ground and reproduction takes place in temporary pools
Wild population Locally abundant. Forest conversion, logging, fire and the international pet trade are threats to this species. The populations in Tocantins state are threatened by hydroelectric development.
Zoo population 104 reported to ISIS (2007). Also kept as pet by private owners.

In the Zoo

Splash-Backed Poison Frog


How this animal should be transported

For air transport, Container Note 45 of the IATA Live Animals Regulations should be followed.


Find this animal on ZooLex


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Why do zoos keep this animal

Neotropical frogs are threatened by habitat distruction, disease and other factors. Zoos and aquariums keeping these species want to build up reserve populations and to raise awareness of the global amphibian crisis. Several zoos have also linked their ex situ activities with involvement in in situ conservation.